Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2007  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 145-153

Management of treatment-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder: An update on therapeutic strategies


1 Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, SCB Medical College, Cuttack, India

Correspondence Address:
Biswaranjan Mishra
Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-2327.34793

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Background: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic psychiatric disorder characterized by recurrent, persistent thoughts and/or repetitive compulsive behaviors that cause anxiety or distress, are time-consuming, and cause significant socio-occupational dysfunction. Although OCD can be alleviated with pharmacological and behavioral treatments, up to 40-60% of patients do not have a satisfactory outcome. This paper aims to review the operational definitions and management of treatment-resistant OCD. Materials and Methods: A computerized search on Pubmed carried from 1980 to April 2006 led to the summarization of the results. Results: There are several strategies to manage treatment-resistant OCD. To start with, it is necessary to define it and differentiate it from other comorbid psychiatric disorders. Adequate trials of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), including clomipramine, at the maximum recommended dosages for at least 12 weeks needs to be tried, along with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), before trying out other modalities of treatment, which include ECT, rTMS, and neurosurgery. Conclusion: OCD has various clinical and therapeutic implications as it has a chronic course. Unless diagnosed and treated in an effective manner, it carries the risk of becoming resistant to treatment. This paper attempts to present an algorithm of management that can be followed in treatment-resistant OCD. It also emphasizes the need to maximize the effect of each course of treatment before moving on to the next step of management.


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