Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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Year : 2004  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 319-321

Qualitative Dermatoglyphics In Idiopathic Epilepsy

Correspondence Address:
Priya Ranganath

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Genetic aetiology has been proposed for both idiopathic epilepsy and dermatoglyphics. Hence, the present study has been undertaken to find out the existence of any correlation between dermatoglyphics and idiopathic epilepsy. Material consisted of 100 patients (58 males and 42 females) and 100 controls (52 males and 48 females). Patient's age ranged from 5 to 40 years and controls were between 18 and 25 years. Dermatoglyphics were obtained by painting method. Qualitative parameters observed were percentage frequency of fingerprint patterns (loops, whorls and arches,), patterns in hypothenar area/ interdigital are and flexion creases (Simian crease, sydney line). On comparison with controls, in males, with hands combined, loops (52.24%) and arches (7.93%) were increased and whorls (39.83%) were decreased (p<0.05). In females, with hands combined, arches (13.1%) and whorls (36.43%) were increased and loops (50.48%) were decreased (p< 0.03). Significant differences have not been observed for the patterns in hypothenar area /interdigital area and flexion creases. These dermatoglyphics features could be used as additional markers to evaluate patients of epilepsy.

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