Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 252-256

Correlates of parental stress and psychopathology in pediatric epilepsy

1 Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
2 BeniSuef University, Beni-Suef City, Egypt
3 Pediatric Neurology Unit, Department of Pediatric, Mansoura University, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Riad M Elsayed
Pediatric Neurology Unit, Department of Pediatric Mansoura University
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-2327.91938

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Background: Chronic conditions like epilepsy in a child can affect his/her entire family. The failure of the family members to adapt adequately to the unique demands of this childhood chronic illness can be considered as an important risk factor for development of psychopathology. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to study the profile of parenting stress in parents of children with epilepsy and its correlates; and, to examine the correlates of psychopathology in these children. Material and Methods: Twenty three epileptic children and their families were subjected to Parenting Stress Index (PSI), Scores for indices such as The Children's Depression Inventory (CDI), Benton Visual Retention test, Spence anxiety scale for children, The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children were calculated. Results: Mean verbal and performance IQ score was 94, while the mean total IQ score was 95. Mean scores for all Wechsler IQ Scores as well as Benton Visual retention test were within the average range. Means for total internalizing CBCL t scores (M, Mean=70; Standard Deviation, SD=4.4), total externalizing CBCL t scores (M=60, SD=9.6), and total behavior problems CBCL t scores (M=67, SD=5.2) were above the standard cut off levels of 65 for clinical behavioral problems. Mean score on CDI was 42 ± 2. Scores of the PSI equal to or higher than 85 th percentile were considered pathologically high. Conclusion: The results of our study indicated that pediatric patients with epilepsy, specifically with intractable cases, are correlated with high levels of parental stress.

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