Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 323-325

Bilateral thoracic outlet syndrome: An uncommon presentation of a rare condition in children

1 Department of Pediatric Neurology, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Leicester, United Kingdom
2 Department of Paediatrics, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Leicester, United Kingdom

Correspondence Address:
Arif Khan
Department of Paediatric Neurology, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Leicester LE1 5WW
United Kingdom
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-2327.104349

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We report an adolescent girl who had left-sided neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) due to impingement of the scalenus anterior muscle with bilateral changes on nerve conduction studies and responded well to surgical decompression. A 13-year-old Caucasian girl presented with intermittent pain, swelling, erythema, tingling and numbness of the palmar aspect of her left hand. Nerve conduction studies revealed bilateral ulnar sensory and motor conduction abnormalities, suggesting early compressive neuropathy in the asymptomatic arm as well. She underwent surgical exploration when it was noted that the scalenus anterior itself was impinging on the brachial plexus. She had a good clinical response to scalenectomy. The diagnosis of neurogenic TOS remains difficult as no single test has been accepted as a gold standard. But, once diagnosed using clinical symptoms, nerve conduction studies, electromyography and radiological investigations, it is a treatable condition with good prognosis.

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