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Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 253-258

The ketogenic diet and other dietary treatments for refractory epilepsy in children


1 Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Neurology, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Associated Kalawati Saran Children's Hospital, New Delhi, India
2 Consultant, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Neurology, BLK Super Speciality Hospital, Pusa Road, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Suvasini Sharma
Department of Pediatrics, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Associated Kalawati Saran Children's Hospital, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-2327.138471

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The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, low-carbohydrate, and restricted protein diet that is useful in patients with refractory epilepsy. The efficacy of the ketogenic diet is better than most of the new antiepileptic drugs. Other modifications of the diet are also beneficial, such as the modified Atkins diet and the low glycemic index treatment. There is a lack of awareness of the ketogenic diet as a treatment modality for epilepsy amongst pediatricians and neurologists. In this review, the use of the ketogenic diet and other dietary treatments in refractory epilepsy is discussed. The Indian experience with the use of these dietary treatments is also briefly reviewed.


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