Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 300-303

Cognitive and behavioral profile of treatment-naïve children aged 6–14 years with neurocysticercosis from North India

Department of Pediatrics, Pt B D Sharma Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jaya Shankar Kaushik
Department of Pediatrics, Pt B D Sharma Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana - 124 001
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aian.AIAN_22_18

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Background: Neurocysticercosis (NCC) produces a progressive organic brain damage by altering brain function with alterations in memory, difficulties in learning, and behavioral changes. The present study was designed to compare the cognitive and behavioral profile of school-going children aged 6–14 years with newly diagnosed NCC with their age-matched controls. Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among children aged 6–14 years with newly (<7 days) diagnosed NCC. Age- and gender-matched typically developing children with minor illness attending outpatient facility served as control. Intelligence and behavioral assessment were performed using Malin's Intelligence Scale for Indian Children and Childhood Behavior Checklist (CBCL) (school age version CBCL/6–18). CBCL T- scores were computed and scores < 60 were considered as normal, 60–63 as borderline, and > 63 as clinical range. Results: A total of 35 cases and 35 controls were enrolled. Baseline demographic characteristics were comparable between the two groups. Verbal intelligence quotient (IQ) scores were comparable between the cases (96.14 [10.23]) and controls (100.17 [10.89]) (P = 0.11). The behavioral assessment revealed normal T- scores (<60) in both the groups. Conclusions: The study revealed comparable IQ and normal behavioral profile of treatment-naïve children with recently diagnosed NCC to their age-matched peers. Further studies with larger sample size and longitudinal study design are required to evaluate the role of NCC on cognition and behavior in Indian children.

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