Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 187-194

Study of middle cerebral artery in human cadaveric brain

Department of Anatomy, Rural Medical College, PIMS, Loni, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Mrs. Sandhya Arvind Gunnal
Department of Anatomy, Rural Medical College, Post. Loni, Tal. Rahata, Ahmednagar - 413 736, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-2327.144289

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Background: Middle cerebral artery (MCA) is the larger terminal branch of the internal carotid artery. It travels through the Sylvian fissure on the insula. Objective: MCA supplies a large area of distribution than the other two cerebral arteries. Though it is so, there are very few articles in the literature describing MCA. Aim of the present work is to study the MCA regarding its origin, course, termination, branching pattern, morphometry and symmetry. Materials and Methods: 340 MCAs from 170 formalin preserved brains were dissected. Morphology, morphometry and symmetry of MCAs, were studied in detail and well photographed. The data collected in the study was analyzed. Results: Accessory MCA was found in seven specimens (2.05%). Duplicated MCA was seen in three specimens (0.88%). Aneurysm was found in three specimens (0.88%). MCA with bifurcated, trifurcated, quadrifurcated and single trunk termination was seen in 220 (64.70%), 42 (12.35%), 8 (2.35%), and in 70 (20.58%) specimens respectively. Bifurcated pattern as upper prominent trunk (type A), lower prominent trunk (type B) and both equal prominent trunks (type C) were seen in 63 (28.63%), 129 (58.63%), and 28 (12.72%) specimens respectively. Asymmetry was seen in 102 specimens (60%). Mean length and diameter of the MCA was 25.5-27.8 mm and 3 mm respectively. Conclusion: Awareness of these anatomical variations in branching patterns is important in neurovascular procedures. As very few Anatomical studies on MCA are there in the literature, this type of research work should be done by a number of scientists from a different region of the world in large scale.

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