Correspondence Address: Y Muralidhar Reddy Department of Neurology, CARE Hospital, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad, Telangana India
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
How to cite this article: Reddy Y M, Kiran E, Jaiswal SK, Pidaparthi L, Murthy J. Myosonography: An easy and painless technique to detect tongue fasciculations. Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2020;23:550
How to cite this URL: Reddy Y M, Kiran E, Jaiswal SK, Pidaparthi L, Murthy J. Myosonography: An easy and painless technique to detect tongue fasciculations. Ann Indian Acad Neurol [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Sep 24];23:550. Available from: https://www.annalsofian.org/text.asp?2020/23/4/550/288777
A 58-year-old woman was diagnosed with motor neuron disease (ALS) of 8-month duration. Examination showed spastic dysarthria, atrophic tongue, diffuse fibrillations, mild wasting, and weakness of intrinsic muscles of hands, brisk tendon jerks, and bilateral flexor plantar response. Nerve conduction study was normal. Needle electromyography (EMG) of tongue showed diffuse fibrillations (40–50 Hz) and no fasciculation [Video 1]. High-resolution ultrasonography (HRUS) of the tongue was done with 12–3 MHz linear transducer as shown in [Figure 1]a. The B-mode scan showed fasciculations appearing as involuntary twitching of small parts of resting genioglossus [Video 2] within 30 s. The M-mode scan showed irregular vertical cracks corresponding to each fasciculation [Figure 1]b. HRUS also revealed fasciculations in bilateral deltoid, biceps, triceps, and brachioradialis which were absent on EMG.
Figure 1: (a and b): Clinical photograph demonstrating the technique of transducer placement for tongue sonography (1a); HRUS (M-mode) showing irregular vertical cracks corresponding to single fasciculation (1b)
Reimers et al. first described the role of ultrasound in detecting fasciculation. However, Misawa et al. showed that myosonography is superior to EMG in detecting fasciculation in the tongue, biceps, and tibialis anterior. This could be due to the ability to observe a wide area of muscle. HRUS was shown to be quicker in detecting fasciculation compared to EMG. In conclusion, myosonography is an easy, safe, convenient, quicker, and therefore a superior tool to detect fasciculations of tongue than EMG.
Declaration of patient consent
The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.
The authors thank Mrs. Deepika P for assistance in compiling the pictures.
Noto YI, Shibuya K, Shahrizaila N, Huynh W, Matamala JM, Dharmadasa T, et al. Detection of fasciculations in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: The optimal ultrasound scan time. Muscle Nerve 2017;56:1068-71.