Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 804-807

Zoster brachial plexopathy as a presenting manifestation of human immunodeficiency virus infection


Department of Neurology, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Rajesh Verma
Department of Neurology, King George's Medical University, Lucknow - 226 003, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/aian.AIAN_158_19

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Brachial plexopathy is an uncommon neurologic complication of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection. VZV is not an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-defining illness, but human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a risk factor for atypical and severe complications of VZV reactivation. Here, we present a 70-year-old male, who presented with left upper-limb weakness, preceded by painful dermatomal vesicular eruption, and was diagnosed to have zoster brachial plexopathy. This severe and atypical manifestation of VZV prompted HIV infection testing, leading to a new diagnosis of HIV infection.


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