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Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 351-355

Sleep and other non-motor symptoms in patients with idiopathic oromandibular dystonia and meige syndrome: A questionnaire-based study


1 Department of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Neurophysiology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ravi Yadav
Department of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore - 560 029, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/aian.AIAN_906_20

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Introduction: Non-motor symptoms are an essential cause of comorbidity in generalized and focal dystonia. However, there are few studies on dystonia involving the craniofacial regions. Methods: We studied non-motor symptoms in patients with oromandibular dystonia (OMD) and Meige syndrome using a questionnaire, and validated instruments for depression, anxiety, REM behaviour disorder, restless leg syndrome, sleep quality, excessive daytime sleepiness, and self-esteem. The severity of dystonia and blepharospasm was also studied. Results: Nineteen patients with OMD were recruited into the study. Among patients with OMD, depression was seen in 63.6% (n = 7), sleep impairment in 27.3% (n = 3), excessive daytime sleepiness in 27.3% (n = 3), and poor self- esteem in 18.2% (n = 2) of the patients. Among patients with Meige syndrome, depression was seen in 37.5% (n = 3), sleep impairment in 12.5% (n = 1), excessive daytime sleepiness in 25% (n = 2), low self-esteem in 25% (n = 2) of the patients. Conclusion: This study highlights the significant frequency of depression and sleep disturbances in patients with idiopathic OMD and Meige syndrome.


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