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Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 501-505

Medication adherence in Indian epilepsy patients


Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mamta Bhushan Singh
Department of Neurology, Room No. 50, Ground Floor, Neurosciences Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/aian.AIAN_925_20

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Purpose: While two-thirds of epilepsy patients can become seizure free on medical treatment, poor adherence to medication is a major problem to sustained remission and functional restoration. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of antiepileptic drug (AED) non-adherence. Methods: We conducted a subgroup analysis based on results that emerged from a single center, cross-sectional study. Patients who were 18 years or older were included. The 4-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale was used to measure adherence to AED (s). Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to predict factors associated with AED non-adherence. Results: A total of 268 patients fulfilled inclusion criteria and were included in this subgroup analysis. Among the participants, 81 (30%) were non-adherent to medication. Three factors associated with non-adherence were AED polytherapy [OR: 4.5 (2.1-9.5) P = 0.001], drug related adverse events [OR: 3.9 (2.1-7.3) P = 0.001], and treatment duration exceeding 3 years [OR: 2.6 (1.3-5.0) P = 0.003]. Conclusion: About one-third patients were not compliant with their medication. If the treatment of patients is restricted to monotherapy as far as possible and patients are educated about duration of treatment and possible adverse effects of AEDs, non-adherence may be reduced.


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