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IMAGES IN NEUROLOGY
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 711-712
 

Spontaneous resolution of a lenticulostriate artery aneurysm


1 Department of Neurology, Bangur Institute of Neurosciences, Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research Annex-1, 52/1a Shambhunath Pandit Street, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Neurology, Bangur Institute of Neurosciences, Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata and Woodlands Multi-Speciality Hospital and C K Birla Hospitals, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Neurology, G.S Neuroscience Clinic and Research Center, Patna, Bihar, India

Date of Submission09-Feb-2022
Date of Acceptance14-Apr-2022
Date of Web Publication14-Jul-2022

Correspondence Address:
Uddalak Chakraborty
Department of Neurology, Bangur Institute of Neurosciences, Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research Annex-1, 52/1a Shambhunath Pandit Street, Kolkata - 700 025, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/aian.aian_141_22

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How to cite this article:
Gupta S, Dutta A, Chakraborty U, Ray BK, Das D, Kumar R. Spontaneous resolution of a lenticulostriate artery aneurysm. Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2022;25:711-2

How to cite this URL:
Gupta S, Dutta A, Chakraborty U, Ray BK, Das D, Kumar R. Spontaneous resolution of a lenticulostriate artery aneurysm. Ann Indian Acad Neurol [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Oct 6];25:711-2. Available from: https://www.annalsofian.org/text.asp?2022/25/4/711/350955




A 25-year-old male presented with sudden onset right hemiparesis. He did not have any vascular risk factors or any family history of stroke. A computed tomography (CT) scan of the brain revealed a left-sided gangliocapsular hemorrhage [Figure 1]. Cerebral three-dimensional (3D) rotational angiography showed an aneurysm (2.9 × 3.3 mm2) in the distal part of the lateral lenticulostriate branch of the left middle cerebral artery [Figure 2]. As the patient did not give consent, we decided to follow up. We treated him with tranexamic acid 1 g/day and performed another angiography after 2 weeks, which showed aneurysm growth (3.7 × 4.6 mm2) [Figure 3]. The patient gave consent for embolization after 5 days, but a repeat cerebral angiography showed spontaneous resolution of the aneurysm, possibly because of thrombosis [Figure 4].
Figure 1: Non-contrast CT scan of the brain showing left gangliocapsular hemorrhage

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Figure 2: Left internal carotid artery angiography with 3D re-constructionon day 3 showing an aneurysm (2.9 × 3.3 mm2) in the lenticulostriate branch of the left middle cerebral artery

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Figure 3: Left internal carotid artery angiography with 3D re-construction 2 weeks after symptom onset showing aneurysm growth (3.7 × 4.6 mm2)

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Figure 4: Left internal carotid artery angiography with 3D re-construction performed 5 days after the second angiography showing resolution of the lenticulostriate aneurysm

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Lenticulostriate artery (LSA) aneurysms distal to origin from the middle cerebral artery are relatively uncommon, and only 112 cases were described in the literature up to date.[1] LSAs being end arteries supply the basal ganglia and internal capsule and are prone to rupture. Aneurysms arising from LSAs may be saccular or fusiform and may present commonly with intra-parenchymal bleed, although sub-arachnoid and intra-ventricular hemorrhage have been sparsely reported.[2] Hemodynamic forces coupled with structural factors are thought to play important roles in their development. Systemic hypertension and other vascular abnormalities such as aneurysms in other vascular territories, arteriovenous malformation, Moyamoya disease, and vasculitis predispose to the formation of these aneurysms.[3] In non-hypertensive young patients with deep intra-cerebral hemorrhage, LSA aneurysms should be ruled out and structural abnormalities should not be dismissed even in the presence of hypertension in elderly patients.[4] These aneurysms may remain undetected on initial angiograms because of their deep-seated location and small size. Both surgical and endovascular management can be performed for such aneurysms. However, spontaneous resolution has also been described.[5]

Declaration of patient consent

Informed written consent was obtained from the patient.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
   References Top

1.
Hinojosa-Gonzalez DE, Ferrigno AS, Martinez HR, Farias JS, Caro-Osorio E, Figueroa-Sanchez JA. Aneurysms of the lenticulostriate artery: A systematic review. World Neurosurg 2021;145:471-9.e10.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Eddleman CS, Surdell D, Pollock G, Hunt Batjer H, Bendok BR. Ruptured proximal lenticulostriate artery fusiform aneurysm presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage: Case report. Neurosurgery 2007;60:E949; discussion E949.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Ahn JY, Cho JH, Lee JW. Distal lenticulostriate artery aneurysm in deep intracerebral haemorrhage. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2007;78:1401-3.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Srivastava T, Sannegowda RB, Sharma B, Tejwani S. Lenticulostriate artery aneurysm presenting as primary intraventricular haemorrhage. BMJ Case Rep 2013;2013:bcr2013009968.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Colgan F, Aguilar Pérez M, Arnold G, Bäzner H, Henkes H. Lenticulostriate artery aneurysm: Arterial hypertension, intracerebral hemorrhage associated with lenticulostriate artery (Charcot Bouchard) aneurysms – Conservative management, spontaneous aneurysm resolution, and good clinical outcome. In: Henkes H, Lylyk P, Ganslandt O, editors. The Aneurysm Casebook. Cham: Springer; 2020.  Back to cited text no. 5
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4]



 

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