Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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Effect of age on arterial recanalization and clinical outcome in thrombolyzed acute ischemic stroke in clotbust cohort

1 Department of Neurology, Zydus Hospital and B J Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
2 Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and Division of Neurology, National University Hospital, Singapore
3 Division of Neurology, Ng Teng Fong General Hospital, Singapore
4 Department of Medicine (Neurology), University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, Canada
5 Department of Neurology, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, USA
6 Department of Medicine (Neurology), University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; Department of Neurology, Hammad Medical Center, Doha, Qatar

Correspondence Address:
Arvind Sharma,
Department of Neurology, Zydus Hospital, Sola, Ahmedabad - 380054, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aian.AIAN_434_19

Background and Aims: Despite the evidence from randomized clinical trials, the effectiveness of intravenous tissue recombinant plasminogen activator (IV-tPA) for elderly patients (≥80 yrs) with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is often an important consideration in clinical practice. We evaluated the effect of older age on arterial recanalization, timing of recanalization and outcome in thrombolysed AIS patients. Methods: Consecutive AIS patients treated with IV-tPA and transcranial Doppler (TCD) examination within 3 hours of symptom-onset were included. Thrombolysis in Brain Ischemia (TIBI) flow-grading system was used to interpret TCD findings of persistent occlusion, re-occlusion and complete recanalization within 2 hours of IV-tPA bolus. Poor functional outcome was defined by modified Rankin score of 3 or more. Univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the effect of age on clinical and TCD outcome measures. Results: The study included 361 patients (elderly = 85, <80 yrs = 276). Median age was 68 years (range 18-91 years). Compared to the elderly, younger patients (<80 years) were more females (63.5% versus 41.3%), had higher baseline National Institute of Health Stroke Scale score (17.5 versus 16.0 points) and shorter time from symptom-onset to IV-tPA bolus (median 136.6 versus 139.7 minutes). No significant differences were noted between the site of arterial occlusion, TCD outcome measures or time of complete recanalization between the 2 groups. More patients aged < 80 years achieved good functional outcome (51.9% versus 31.8% in the older age group; P = 0.004). IV-tPA induced recanalization and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage were similar in the 2 groups. Multivariate logistic regression showed elderly age as an independent predictor of poor outcome (adjusted OR 2.5, 95%CI 1.26-4.95; P = 0.008). Conclusion: Elderly AIS patients achieve relatively poor functional outcome after IV-tPA despite similar rates of arterial recanalization. However, there is no increase in the hemorrhagic risk. Perhaps, decision for IV thrombolysis in elderly patients should be made cautiously.

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    -  Sharma A
    -  Sharma VK
    -  Ahmad A
    -  Gupta D
    -  Khan K
    -  Shuaib A
    -  Alexandrov AV
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