Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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The Treatment of Vestibular Migraine: A Narrative Review

1 Southern Medical University, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province, China
2 Department of Neurology, The Sixth Medical Center of PLA of China General Hospital, Beijing, China
3 Department of Neurology, The People’s Hospital of Jiangmen, Jiangmen City, Guangdong Province, China

Correspondence Address:
Xiaokun Qi,
No. 6, Fucheng Road, Haidian District, Beijing, China

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aian.AIAN_591_19

Vestibular migraine (VM) is one of the most debilitating chronic diseases that is currently underdiagnosed and undertreated. The treatment of VM is a dynamic and rapidly advancing area of research. New developments in this field have the potential to improve the diagnosis and provide more individualized treatments for this condition. In this review, we discussed the progress of evidence-based treatment of VM, including pharmacotherapy and nonmedical methods. A search of the literature was conducted up to September 2019. In order to control or cure VM, patients should follow three steps. First, patients should comply with diet and behavioral medication; Second, during the attack of VM, patients should take medicine to control the symptoms. These acute attack treatment of VM consists of antiemetic medications (e.g., dimenhydrinate and benzodiazepines), anti-vertigo medicine, and analgesics (e.g. triptans). Third, prophylactic medicine (e.g., propranolol, topiramate, valproic aid, lamotrigine, and flunarizine) can be used to reduce the frequency and severity of VM attack. Also, vestibular rehabilitation (VR) treatment should be considered for all VM. Meanwhile, we also propose to establish a culture of prevention which is essential for reducing the personal, social and economic burden of VM.

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