Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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Sexual dysfunction in male patients with idiopathic generalized tonic clonic seizures

1 Department of Neurology, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Rajendra Kumar Sureka,
47 Sanjay Marg, HathroiSCheme, Jaipur - 302 001, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aian.AIAN_1023_20

Background: Epilepsy is the second most common neurological disorder, and it may have a significant effect on sexual functions in epileptic patients. Materials and Methods: Sexual dysfunctions were assessed in 146 male patients suffering from generalized tonic-clonic seizure (GTCS) with a seizure-free interval of at least 1 year. Out of 146 patients enrolled, 46 patients had a psychiatric impairment and were excluded from the study, after applying the General Health questionnaire12 (GHQ12) scale and detailed psychiatric evaluation. The remaining patients were evaluated for the presence of sexual dysfunction by applying Arizona Sexual Experience scale (ASEX). Sixty-six patients scoring more than 19 as a cutoff score on the ASEX scale were further interviewed by a psychiatrist, and a diagnosis of sexual dysfunction was made as per ICD 10 Diagnostic criteria. Results: Sexual dysfunction was diagnosed in 66% (n = 66) of the patients. Erectile dysfunction was the most common sexual disorder diagnosed in 36% of the patients (n = 36) followed by premature ejaculation in 26% (n = 26) and decreased libido (hypoactive sexual desire) seen in 4% (n = 4) of the patients. In patients with sexual dysfunction, a significant association was observed with the duration of epilepsy and type of therapy (mono/polytherapy) (P value < 0.05). Erectile dysfunction and hypoactive desire were more common in patients taking polytherapy, whereas premature ejaculation was more common in patients on monotherapy. Conclusion: Significant impairment of sexual functions was observed in male epileptics with GTCS. A high index of suspicion should be kept in mind by the practicing clinician on diagnosing and treating sexual dysfunction in them.

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    -  Sureka RK
    -  Gaur V
    -  Purohit G
    -  Gupta M
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