Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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Spectrum of movement disorder emergencies in a Tertiary Care Center in India: A prospective observational study

 Department of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Ravi Yadav,
Professor, Department of Neurology, First Floor, Neurosciences Faculty Block, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Hosur Road, Bengaluru - 560 029, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aian.aian_295_22

Introduction: Movement disorders can present in emergency services in an acute severe form which can be life threatening if not recognized. The relative frequency and spectrum of movement disorder emergencies have not been studied extensively. We studied the frequency, spectrum, and outcome of patients presenting with movement disorders emergencies. Methods: This was a prospective, descriptive single center study. Patients presenting with acute movement disorders to the neurology emergency services of the institute during the study period from April 2019 to June 2021 were analyzed. Results: A total of 71 patients presented with acute movement disorders during the study period. Out of them, 65 patients had hyperkinetic and 6 patients had hypokinetic movement disorders emergencies. Fifteen patients were below the age of 18 years. Chorea (59.1%) was the most common movement disorder emergencies followed by dystonia and myoclonus in adults. Dystonia (33.3%) was the common movement disorder emergencies in children. Hyperglycemia followed by stroke was the most common etiology of acute movement disorders. Conclusion: This study brings out some novel findings on the movement disorders emergencies in Indian scenario. Chorea was the most common movement disorder emergencies presenting to the neurology emergency services. Early recognition and management of movement disorders emergencies help in reducing morbidity.

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    -  Bhoyar AP
    -  Mahale R
    -  Kamble N
    -  Holla V
    -  Pal PK
    -  Yadav R
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