Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 418--424

Female caregivers and stroke severity determines caregiver stress in stroke patients


Bindu Menon1, P Salini2, K Habeeba1, Jyoti Conjeevaram3, K Munisusmitha3 
1 Department of Neurology, Apollo Speciality Hospitals, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Physiotherapy, Apollo Speciality Hospitals, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, Narayana Medical College, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Bindu Menon
Department of Neurology, Apollo Speciality Hospitals, Nellore - 524 002, Andhra Pradesh
India

Background: Stroke is among the major causes of short- and long-term disability. This study aimed to understand the caregivers (CGs) stress in stroke survivors. Materials and Methods: A 22-item questionnaire was administered to 201 CGs of stroke survivors. The variables tested were physical and mental health, social support, financial, and personal problems. CGs were divided into Group A (Barthel index [BI] <75) and B (BI >75) according to patient's BI, according to gender (male and female CG) and relation; spouses (wife, husband), daughters, sons, daughter-in-law, grandchildren, and rest (father, mother, brother, sister, and in-laws). Data were analyzed using SPSS software version–21. Data were analyzed to determine which variables of the patient effects the CG stress. Results: Majority of the CGs (74.62%) were females. 65% of CGs graded their burden as moderate to severe. 81% of CGs had left their work for caregiving. More than half of the CGs felt sleep disturbance and physical strain. Psychological instability and financial burdens were reported in 3/4th of CGs. Group A CGs faced more sleep, financial, health, and social life disturbance. Patient's bladder and bowel problems, shoulder pain, patients noncooperative attitude for medication administration, and physiotherapy were more upsetting for Group A CGs. Female CGs were subjected to more sleep disturbance, physical and psychological stress, faced more difficulty regarding the patient's bladder, bowel, personal hygiene needs, and physiotherapy. Female CGs felt less motivated in caregiving than male CGs. Wives and daughters-in-law experienced more burden. Time spent and burden perceived was more by female CGs (χ2 = 15.199, P = 0.002) than males (χ2 = 11.931, P = 0.018); wives and daughters than other relations (χ2 = 32.184, P = 0.000), (χ2 = 35.162, P = 0.019). Conclusion: Our study showed that caregiving burden was predominantly shouldered by females CGs. CGs faced physical, psychological, and socioeconomic burden. The burden was more evident in female CGs and in patients with severe stroke.


How to cite this article:
Menon B, Salini P, Habeeba K, Conjeevaram J, Munisusmitha K. Female caregivers and stroke severity determines caregiver stress in stroke patients.Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2017;20:418-424


How to cite this URL:
Menon B, Salini P, Habeeba K, Conjeevaram J, Munisusmitha K. Female caregivers and stroke severity determines caregiver stress in stroke patients. Ann Indian Acad Neurol [serial online] 2017 [cited 2021 Oct 27 ];20:418-424
Available from: https://www.annalsofian.org/article.asp?issn=0972-2327;year=2017;volume=20;issue=4;spage=418;epage=424;aulast=Menon;type=0